Methods of Judicial Interpretation

Different methods lead to different outcomes

Original Intent
Doctrinal Approach

I. Literalism: literal text of the Constitution

II. Original Intent: historical basis; intent/motives of framers

III. Doctrinal Approach: follow precedent

IV. Competing Interests (Prudential): balance one interest against another

V. Structuralism: larger relationships within the Constitution, not specific provisions

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